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Last Updated
Thursday, 8 January 2009
Brickmakers Estuary

Native Flora and Fauna

Since European settlement, the majority of bushland in Hunters Hill has been cleared for urban development. As a direct result an unknown number of flora and fauna species have become extinct and the remaining species have been reduced in number. The surviving species are only assured protection by the on-going careful management of bushland areas in Hunters Hill.

Plant communities and biodiversity

  • Open forest, woodland, heath and shrubland communities on Hawkesbury sandstone ridgetops, slopes, and gullies including Kunzea ambigua shrubland, and open forests dominated by Eucalyptus species. A vegetation community known as Rocky Foreshore Vegetation dominated by Ficus rubiginosa and Banksia integrifolia is considered locally significant.
  • Forest communities both on lower nutrient sandstone and higher nutrient shale soils, including a small remnant of Sydney Turpentine Iron-bark Forest (STIF) at Boronia Park. STIF is listed as an Endangered Ecological Community under the NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.
  • Estuarine communities of coastal salt marsh, mangroves, swamp oak floodplain forest and Sydney Freshwater wetlands . In the Sydney region, saltmarsh, swamp oak forest and freshwater wetlands communities are also listed as an Endangered Ecological Communities under the NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.

Threatened or locally significant species


  • Darwinia biflora
  • Genoplesium baueri
  • Epacris purpurascens var. purpurascens
  • Eucalyptus tereticornis (Forest Red Gum) - Remnants found around Sydney Harbour represent a distinct eco-type. These trees are scattered through Hunters Hill, with stands at Ferdinand Street Reserve and Clarke’s Point Reserve.
  • Eucalyptus capitellata (Brown Stringy Bark) - Only very few of this tree species remain in Hunters Hill at Gladesville Reserve and Kelly’s Bush.
  • Angophora floribunda (Rough-barked Apple) - Only a few known trees of this species surviving in the Municipality, these are at Boronia Park, St. Johns Park and Tarban Creek Reserve.


  • Tachyglossus aculeatus (Short-beaked Echidna)
  • Miniopterus schreibersii oceanensis (Eastern Bentwing-bat)
  • Pteropus poliocephalus (Grey-headed Flying-fox)
  • Chelodina longicollis (Long-necked Tortoise).
  • Pseudophryne australis (Red-crowned Toadlet)
  • Ninox strenua (Powerful Owl)
  • Ninox connivens (Barking Owl)
  • Biziura lobata (Musk Duck);
  • Butorides striatus (Striated Heron);
  • Gallinago hardwickii (Latham’s Snipe)

Statement of Significance for the Vegetation of Hunters Hill

Doug Benson, Senior Plant Ecologist Royal Botanic Gardens - 2003:

"Today the natural vegetation has been significantly reduced and fragmented by urban development. Remnants of Sydney Turpentine lronbark Forest, an endangered ecological community listed under the NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act, represent some of the vegetation found on the higher nutrient shale soils. This vegetation is important at the state scale because of the extent of past land clearing. Remnants of other communities are significant at the regional scale because of the current extent and increasing intensity of suburban development. The bushland forms important wildlife habitat links through the suburbs, from the peninsula along the rivers and on to the Lane Cove National Park".

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